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How to install Devise in Rails 3.x

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ror41-150x150Devise is a flexible authentication solution for Rails based on Warden. Devise handles authentication across the entire stack. It has the following features:

  • Rack based
  • MVC based on Rails engines
  • Allows you to have multiple roles (or models/scopes) signed in at the same time
  • Modularity concept: use just what you really need

It is composed of 12 modules:

  • Database Authenticatable
  • Token Authenticatable
  • Omniauthable
  • Confirmable
  • Recoverable
  • Registerable
  • Rememberable
  • Trackable
  • Timeoutable
  • Validatable
  • Lockable

Steps to install the Devise

Step#1

Add the following gem in your Gemfile

gem 'devise'

Then run

bundle install

Step#2

To invoke the Devise in your application, run the devise generator

 rails g devise:install

The generator will install an initialize, which describes all devise’s configuration options.

Step#3

Create a model “User” using devise to handle authentication.

rails g devise User

This generator creates a few interesting things like a file, a migration and a devise_for in route.

Step#4

Run the migration

rake db:migrate

Step#5

Devise provides some helper methods to recognize a user after sign in and default route paths for “sign in”, “sign up” and “sign out”

We can modify our ‘app/views/layout/application.html.erb’ file to allow us to “sign out”, “sign in” and “sign up” by writing the following block

<div>
<% if user_signed_in? %>
Signed in as <%= current_user.email %>. Not you?
<%= link_to "Sign out", destroy_user_session_path,:method => :delete %>
<% else %>
<%= link_to "Sign up", new_user_registration_path %> or
<%= link_to "Sign in", new_user_session_path %>
<% end %>
</div>

Configuring views

Since Devise is an engine, all its views are packaged inside the devise gem.

Get all the view files for devise by running the following generate command

rails generate devise:views

You can also configure the message language, mailer from address and other things by editing the devise config files as located in following locations

devise.en.yml – config/locales
 
devise.rb – config/initializers

Now you are done to use the app with authentication!

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